[PDF] ACRP REPORT 4. Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM

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Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation

Of all travelers on the Airport Express, an expected 63% stated that speed was the reason for choosing the rail. Some 13% mentioned the fare as the reason, which is lower than the fare for either taxi or airport door-to-door bus service. In an important conclusion, one of the original architects of the Hong Kong Airport Express writes: “It is apparent that even with a good design and well-integrated railway service, the Airport Express does not have inherent advantages over more direct single-mode bus travel. In other words, the speed advantage of rail versus single-mode road competitors when traveling over distances of only up to 34 km [21 mi] do not result in significant enough time savings to compensate for the necessary transfer.” (9, emphasis added)

Lessons Learned: The Importance of Line-Haul Speed and Directness of Service The examination of relative line-haul speeds in the database of successful European/Asian airport rail operations has several key implications for the U.S. practitioner. The first implication, and by far the most important, is the difference that exists in the basic travel-time conditions, largely associated with the existence of fast highway connections in the United States. Four of the airports in the sample offer service to downtown that is twice as fast as automobile service. Table 3-3 shows that automobile travel times in Oslo are more than twice as long as the rail linehaul time. Table 3-3 shows many examples in which the automobile travel times are significantly

Table 3-3.

Market share by comparative times.

Airport

Market share by rail

Auto travel time (min)

Rail travel time (min)

Ratio of auto time to rail time

Distance from CBD (miles)

Dedicated service?

Zurich

42%

20

10

2.0

7

No

Oslo

39%

50

19

2.6

30

Yes

Narita

36%

90

55

1.6

40

Yes

Amsterdam

35%

30

17

1.8

12

No

Copenhagen

33%

13

13

1.0

7

No

Munich

31%

35

40

1.1

17

No

Vienna

30%

17

16

1.0

12

Yes

London Stansted

29%

70

40

1.7

35

Yes

Paris Charles de Gaulle

28%

45

35

1.3

15

No

Hong Kong

28%

35

23

1.5

21

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