[PDF] ACRP REPORT 4. Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM

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Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation

and Hong Kong and contribute to strong rail mode shares in those cities. But, Table 3-2 shows that line-haul speed alone does not explain the propensity to attain high market share. High-Speed Service and High Market Share: Oslo Airport Express The Oslo Airport Express train (Figure 3-1), which has the second highest mode share to rail in the sample, is an example of a strategy based on a determination to attain high running speeds and low terminal-to-terminal travel times. From the beginning, the running time of the train to the new airport was to be no longer than the running time of the bus from the existing airport— 19 minutes. For this investment, the government set the following policy goal: the airport rail system would attract 50% of the market, a mode share considerably higher than any system had attained to date. Of this desired share, 42% was set as the goal for the Oslo Airport Express service, with an 8% goal established for the traditional national train service. In Oslo, the strategy to provide high-speed service to the downtown and additional direct service beyond has resulted in a 39% market share for the dedicated Airport Express train and another 13% mode share to the slower, lower priced Norwegian Railway. High-Speed Service and Low Market Share: Shanghai Maglev A dramatic example of a strategy to build a market based on the speed of the line-haul vehicle comes from the Shanghai maglev project (8). On first look, the service characteristics of the maglev are impressive. While the bus takes about 60 minutes and the taxi takes 50 minutes, the maglev makes the line-haul segment of the trip in just 8 minutes. The headway of the super high-speed train is 15 minutes. A good connection is available at the airport: the maglev station is connected by a pedestrian bridge (see Figure 3-2); no people mover or shuttle bus is needed to access the service. However, it was not possible to get a maglev directly into the center of the city, so a terminal was built on the edge of the downtown next to an existing metro stop.

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