[PDF] ACRP REPORT 4. Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM

Six Steps in a Market-Based Strategy for Improving Airport Ground Access

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Similar advances in quality of terminal design have been incorporated into the centrally located Ground Transportation Center at Minneapolis–St. Paul International Airport, which is accessed by underground walkways from the main baggage claim areas. The act of finding, purchasing, and accessing public modes of transportation occurs in a heated/air-conditioned interior space integrated into the airport terminal complex. Similar high-quality pedestrian connections are offered in the underground connections to the departure area at Portland International Airport’s redesigned terminal complex, where ground transportation information and ticketing is provided within the underground walkway system. All taxi, bus, and van departures from the Atlanta airport occur from a compact departure area located at the western edge of the terminal immediately adjacent to the common baggage claim area for the airport. At Chicago O’Hare International Airport, a City Bus Center has been built to improve the quality of transfer to the bus modes, located within the central structure with enclosed walkways from the domestic terminals.

Considering Regulations to Encourage Higher Occupancy Mode Strategies Many local policies concerning the potential encouragement of higher occupancy patterns are determined by pre-existing regulations concerning the management of taxis. In some airports, a traveler standing at the curb seeking to purchase a shared-ride service is often not allowed to enter the vehicle unless he/she leaves the curb, goes back inside the terminal, calls a reservations line, and then comes back to the curb to wait for a subsequent dispatched vehicle. Going to the airport, similar inefficiencies exist in the system, especially for the traveler who would like to board a shared-ride vehicle to the airport but has not formally “pre-arranged” the trip. The public policy goal of getting greater levels of vehicle occupancy is often undercut by regulations designed for general-purpose management of taxis. Public policies should be explored that would serve to maximize the occupancy levels of public mode vehicles to the airport.

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