[PDF] ACRP REPORT 4. Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM

Managing the Airport Landside System Chapter 7 reviews strategies for managing ground transportation services, including measures to enhance public transportation services. The chapter further examines the operational and institutional challenges for implementing these strategies and identifies potential funding sources. Airport Ground Transportation Management Strategies Most airport managers require all operators of commercial ground transportation services doing business at the airport to enter into a formal business relationship with the airport

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Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation

authority or operating agency. (In most communities, any vehicle is allowed to drop off passengers at the airport, but only authorized or permitted vehicles are allowed to pick up customers.) Typically, commercial vehicle operators are required to obtain an airport permit in order to do business at the airport. By obtaining and signing the airport permit, the commercial vehicle operator indicates its willingness to abide by the rules and regulations established by airport management and to pay certain specified fees. Airport rules typically regulate (1) the use of airport roadways and other facilities; (2) the age, condition, and minimum insurance coverage for the vehicles used to transport customers; and (3) the behavior and appearance of the drivers or representatives of the commercial vehicle operators. Sources of Funding FAA grant assurances require major airports in the United States to be financially selfsustaining. Accordingly, rentals, fees, and charges must cover all operating and capital costs, including retirement of debt. The capital requirements of airports are significant today and are expected to increase in the future. The main sources of funds to build airport-oriented projects are reviewed in Chapter 7.

Improving Public Transportation Mode Share for Employees Airport employees represent a large potential market for public transportation. The average number of daily employees at major U.S. airports can exceed 40,000. There are a number of challenges, however, to implementing successful public transportation services for airport employees. First, airports are usually located in suburban locations that can be difficult to serve with traditional transit services. Second, airports are in operation 24 hours a day, and many work shifts do not coincide with typical transit schedules. Third, airports have multiple employers each of whom has a variety of constraints and regulations regarding shift timing, parking reimbursement, overtime, etc. Taken together, these challenges can affect employee mode choice. Chapter 8 discusses factors that influence employee use of public transportation, summarizes the results of a survey of the employee commuting patterns at representative airports, and presents key considerations for improving employee public transportation mode share at airports.

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