[PDF] ACRP REPORT 4. Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM

Competition and Enforcement Considerations when introducing new public transportation services include the perceived and actual competition between differing classes of ground transportation services, the need to be able to enforce regulations restricting and controlling ground transportation services, and the potential overlap between the services provided by each class of service. Balancing the differing (and competing) requirements of multiple services may be especially challenging when selecting ground transportation services for a planned GTC. Some of those challenges involve the following services and concerns: • Private vehicles—The primary purpose of a GTC is to serve commercial ground transporta-

tion services. Therefore, airline passengers traveling in private vehicles would likely be directed to space at the terminal building curbsides, while the GTC would be reserved for commercial ground transportation services. • Private vehicles versus privately owned limousines—Airline passengers traveling in privately owned or corporate-provided limousines would normally expect to receive a level of service similar to that available to passengers traveling in private vehicles. Therefore, privately owned limousines would likely be directed to curb space at the terminal building. • Privately owned versus pre-arranged limousines—If passengers perceive that being picked up and dropped off at the terminal provides a higher level of service and convenience than being picked up and dropped off at the GTC, they will request that privately owned limousine services stop at the terminal building rather than the GTC. As it would be difficult for police to readily distinguish between a privately owned limousine and a pre-arranged limousine or town car service, it would be difficult for police to prevent privately owned limousines or town car services from stopping at the terminal building curbsides. If police are unable to prevent, or enforce regulations prohibiting, use of the terminal curbside by pre-arranged limousines, these limousines would likely be permitted to use the curbsides. • Pre-arranged limousines versus taxis—Taxi operators perceive limousines as competitors. If pre-arranged limousines are permitted to use the terminal building curbsides, taxi operators would likely pressure airport management (or perhaps city or county government leaders) to allow taxis to use the curbsides. The taxi operators would claim that they would lose customers to their competitors (i.e., limousines) and/or that their customers would not use the GTC. At airports that have planned GTCs, management has agreed to allow taxis to drop off and pick up customers at the terminal building curbside.

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